Analyzing Texts in Old, Middle and New English

2720 words 11 pages

The analysis of texts

1. Old English – The story of Jacob’s Deceit

17. And hēo sealde him Þone mete Þe heo seaÞ, and hlāf; and hē brōhte Þæt his fæder 18. and cwæð: 'Fæder mīn!' Hē andswarode and cwæð: 'Hwæt eart Þū, sunu mīn?' 19. And Iācob cwæð: 'Ic eom Ēsau, Þīn frum-cenneda sunu. Ic dyde swā Þū mē bebude. Ārīs upp and site, and et of mīnum huntoðe, Þæt Þu me blētsiƷe.'


17. And she sold him that meat she boiled, and bread, and he brought them to his father. 18. and said: “Oh, my father!” he answered and said: “What are you(what do you want), my son?” 19. And Iacob said: “I am Esau, your first-born son. I did what you bid me. Arise up and sit and eat what I got of my hunting, so that you bless me”

…show more content…

| | |
|9 Sunu |Noun, masculine, u-stem. |son |son |
|10. Brōhte |brōhton – verb, plural, past tense, indicative mood of brinƷan, |bring |brought |
| |strong-weak verb | | |

Etymological analysis

|Word as it is used in the text|Foreign prototype |Corresponding NE words |translation |
|1. sealde |past.ind. of sellan, old Sax. – sellian, old High Germ. | | |
| |–sellen, old Scand. – selja, Goth.- saljan |sell |sold |
|2. cwæð |old High Germ quedan, old Scand. kveða, Goth -diÞan |obs. quoth |quote |
|3. swā |Comm. Germ. –swai, Germ – so, old Scand. –svá, Goth. –swā, swē |so |so |
|4. eart |Angl. –


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