Social Policy

2186 words 9 pages
Unit 7 Social Policy


Understand the significant historical and contemporary landmarks in social welfare provision

1.1 Outline significant historical and contemporary landmarks in social policy.
Social policy is the study of social services and the welfare state. In general terms, it looks at the idea of social welfare, and its relationship to politics and society. More specifically, it also considers detailed issues in * policy and administration of social services, including policies for health, housing, income maintenance, education and social work; * needs and issues affecting the users of services, including poverty, old age, health, disability, and family policy; and * The delivery of welfare.
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1987 - Increasing NHS cash crises leads to closure of wards and the demand to review NHS financing.
The presidents of the Royal Colleges of Physicians, Surgeons, Obstetricians and Gynaecologists wrote to the prime minister stating that the NHS had almost reached the point of collapse.
1988 - Supplementary Benefits become Income Support.
The Department of Health and Social Security splits into the Department of Health and the Department of Social Security.
1991 - The Disability Living Allowance and Disability Working Allowance Act introduces two new allowances for disabled people.
1994 - Social Security Act replaces long-term sickness benefit and invalidity benefit with incapacity benefit.
1997 - The first Minister of Public Health (Tessa Jowell) is appointed, and a health strategy developed to break the cycle of ill health due to poverty and deprivation.
1999 - The Welfare Reform and Pensions Act proposes that all benefit claimants must attend interviews within three days of making their first claim to discuss entitlement, reasons for not working, and to obtain help in getting a job.
Stakeholder pension schemes are introduced
Widows' benefit extends to widowers
Benefits for the long-term sick, children and young people are reformed.
2000 - In this year's budget the chancellor announces big real increases in Income Support scales for families with children
2001 - In this year's budget


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