Oppositional Defiant Disorder Case Studycase Study

4246 words 17 pages
Table of Contents

Title: Page:

Special Education in Ireland 1

What is Oppositional Defiant Disorder?(ODD) 3

What Causes ODD? 3

Symptoms of ODD 4

How Is ODD Diagnosed? 4

What is the Treatment for ODD? 5

Prognosis 5

Emotional and Practical Implications on the Family 5

Resources Available 6

Role of the Interdisciplinary Team 7

Elements of Good Practice 7

Conclusion and Personal Learnin 8

Bibliography 8


Special Education in Ireland

Prior to the 1990’s Special Education was entirely in the hands of religious orders. In the mid 1980’s the worldwide push highlighting the need to integrate children with special
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(Eilis Flood, Assisting Children with Special Needs 2010 p. 173)

For my case study I have spoken to “Suzi” a single mother of 12 Year old “Brian” who was diagnosed with ODD last year and is also exhibiting signs of ADHD and Aspergers. She has shared with me excerpts of her diaries (SEE Appendix A) and is awaiting further evaluations of her son.

What Causes ODD?

The cause of ODD is unknown although researches believe that a combination of genetic, biological and environmental factors contribute to the condition.(See Appendix B) Like so many childhood conditions, ODD frequently occurs in combination with other conditions such as ADHD (in about 65% of cases), Mood Disorders (in about 35% of cases) and Learning Disabilities (in about 20%-30% of cases)that intensify their behavioural problems.

Although “Brian” has not been diagnosed with Aspergers he is showing symptoms and is waiting to be re-evaluated.

Symptoms of ODD

Symptoms of ODD include hostile, negative behaviours, involving at least 4 of the traits listed below for a extended period lasting over 6 months. Affected children often:
Lose their temper
Argue with adults, refusing to comply with requests or rules
Annoy people deliberately
Blame others for their mistakes or misbehavior
Are touchy or easily annoyed by others
Are angry and resentful, spiteful or vindictive

For a child’s behaviour to result in a diagnosis of ODD, there must be a profound, detrimental effect on their social, academic or