Maslow and Rogers Comparison

2529 words 11 pages
Paula Mason
Theories of Personality

Similarities and Differences between Rogers' and Maslow's interpretation of
"Self- actualization

Rogers and Maslow are from a Humanistic approach to thought. The human approach takes away from the man and robot statement that the behaviorists maintain. Rogers and Maslow engaged in a concept of self-actualization and characteristics and the requirements to achieve it. Rogers and Maslow theories of self -actualization have similarities and differences. These two discussed that the driving force of human needs system is self-actualization. Rogers, one of the most influential founders of the humanistic approach, has been cited more and was a major influence on clinical
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This incorporates our inner personality and influences our body image. We can perceive ourselves at a simple level of good or bad and beautiful or ugly. This affects the opinion of how we behave, think and feel about ourselves in the world.
3. Ideal- self: A person we would like to be. This model would consist of our ambitions and goals in life. In childhood and teen years is not the same for the ideal-self. A person’s ideal-self and actual experiences may have existing differences. This is called congruence. Everyone experiences a certain amount of incongruence in life.
The Self Concept in Personality
• “The differentiated part of the phenomenal field which concerns the person himself.
Def.” The organized consistent conceptual gestalt composed of the characteristics of “I/Me”7
• I/me perception to others and values attached to perceptions
-Value and perception one attaches to themselves.
-One’s conscious experience of themselves.
-If a change in one part of self-concept, then it will change the whole.
-Ideal self: a person would most want “self-concept”.
-Ideal-self for psychological healthiness: self-concept that is attainable and realistic.
-Where development and growth receive guidance.
• Unhealthy ideal-self: no correspondence to self-concept.
-follows and represents ideals set by others.
-not in balance with potential of person.
Self-Concept and the role in Experience
“Self -concept - Plays a role in experience & perception, &


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