Language and Cognitive Psychology

1127 words 5 pages
Language is a cognitive function that most of us take for granted. It starts from early on, some say at conception, and it develops in complexity as we get older. It is an essential part of communication and without it its development would be greatly hindered. This natural process requires complex structures and reasoning, the bringing together of sounds and words to develop concrete ideas and thoughts. In this paper we will discuss the components of language and how it relates to cognitive processes.
Language and Lexicon
Our basic mean of communication among species and interspecies is thru language. Language enables us to communicate with each other, our thoughts and feelings, ideas and concepts, likes, and dislikes, fears, dreams
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For example, in the English language this would include the letters of the alphabet. Each letter has a sound and each word is comprised of many different sounds. These sounds are then put together to pronounce words. Thru phonemes we are able to make words sound the way they do.
Words: This is the next level of language. Though words are arbitrary, given all the different meaning assigned, they do follow specific rules within a language. Different cultures follow different rules, but they all do adhere to one system alone within themselves. Thru the different uses of phonemes we are able to create the wide array of sounds governed by each culture.
Sentences: Following words, logically we come to sentences. Sentences are only constructs of words arranged in a more complex way .Sentences, can not ne arbitrary. They must follow a thought pattern or idea. This structure of words must fit into its meanings and the words must follow the content of the sentence; otherwise it is not a sentence.
Text: This is what we can consider as meaning to words. In the text we arrange sentences together and further elaborate on topics, forming ideas and thought that have meaning – it is the highest level of language. Sentences can not be spoken out of content or in a way that they do not relate to each other. If this were to happen concepts would be unclear and ideas would not be conveyed.
Language Processing in Cognitive

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