Labor Unions and Management
A labor union is an organization of employed workers that formed to undertake collective bargaining with employers and to try to achieve improved working conditions for its members.
Labor Unions go back all the way to the development of America. Starting when the pilgrims landed on Plymouth Rock in 1620, several of the pilgrims were craftsmen. These were considered primitive unions, or guilds of not just carpenters but also cabinet makers, cordwainers and cobblers made their appearance as well. Although many early attempts at labor unions failed, during the 19th century and the start of the Industrial Revolution, workers preserved and began union traditions that continue today. The purpose of forming unions was so that members could
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The Norris-La Guardia Act of 1932 was the first pro-union law, made yellow-dog contracts, which is an agreement between employee and management that as a condition of employment the employee will not join a labor union, illegal and made it more difficult for employers to obtain injunctions. The National Labor Relations Act, also known as the Wagner Act, was passed in 1935 and it required employers to bargain collectively with the union. It also created the National Labor Relations Board, which is responsible for supervising union elections and investigating unfair labor practices. This act led to the increased power and growth of unions. The Labor-management Relation Act was passed in 1947, also known as the Taft-Hartley Act, and it upheld the right of employer to unionize, but is also broadened management's rights and prohibited unfair labor practices of both unions and management. According to the Taft-Harley Act, "Nothing in this Act shall be construed as authorizing the execution or application of agreements requiring membership in a labor organization as a condition of employment in any State or Territory in which such execution or application is prohibited by State or Territorial law" (Wilson, 2002). Currently, there are right-to-work laws in 22 states. A right-to-work law secures the right of an employee to decide if they want to join a union. However, some