History of the Faa

1281 words 6 pages
Aviation Legislation Term Paper

The Federal Aviation Act of 1958

ASCI 254 12/09/14

It has always been the dream of mankind wanting to join the birds in the sky, many innovators created various contraptions to achieve flight. On December 17, 1903, two brothers by the name of Wilbur and Orville Wright decided to test their contraption and it was successful. This event changed the course of aviation as the contraption known as Flyer 1 became the first successful powered heavier-than-air flight.
During the course of World War I, airplanes proved to be a useful tool for the military. With the introduction of airmail planes were now utilized for commercial purposes. The Air Mail Act of 1925 gave birth to the airlines and passenger
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This Act was signed into law by President Eisenhower on August 23rd, 1958.
From the Civil Aeronautics Act of 1938, the new Federal Aviation Act transferred its safety regulatory functions of the Civil Aeronautics Board to the newly created Federal Aviation Agency later renamed the Federal Aviation Administration. The CAB retained its responsibility for aircraft accident investigations as well as all economic regulation of the airlines. (Lawrence, pg188) The CAA was abolished and all of its functions were placed in the FAA.
After a few years, Congress came to the realization that some departments of transportation were being over funded and over regulated while others were being underfunded and neglected. There had been many debates on a bill to place all departments of transportation under one. The Federal Aviation Agency had fears of losing its newly won independence but the bill was signed into law in 1967. The Department of Transportation Act gave birth to the Department of Transportation, the fourth largest cabinet in the United States Government. (Lawrence, pg196) The National Transportation and Safety Board (NTSB) was also created by this legislation which took over the responsibilities of the CAB. The FAA no longer answered to the president, but to the Secretary of the Department of Transportation. The FAA retained its authority in aviation safety and all issues pertaining to aviation safety.
The Federal Aviation Administration today, is the


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