Free Speech vs. Hate Speech
In the Supreme Court case Terminiello v. Chicago, an ex-catholic priest, Father Terminiello, was charged for inciting a riot caused by his invigorating speech, which condemned political and racial groups. Terminiello was arrested for "breach of speech." In a 5-4 ruling, the court ruled that the "breach of speech" charge against Terminiello was unconstitutional because it violated the freedom of speech. In another Supreme Court Case, Whiteney v. California, the defendant was convicted for having engaged in speech that raised a threat to society. Although Whitney was found guilty of her charge, Judge Brandeis made a great point by saying,
It is hazardous to discourage thought, hope and imagination; that fear breeds repression; that repression breeds hate; that hate menaces stable government; that the path of safety lies in the opportunity to discuss freely supposed grievances and proposed remedies; and that the fitting remedy for evil counsels is good ones (Smolla)
Many public universities in the United States have to face issues similar to those in American society: having to distinguish hate speech from free speech. One of the biggest responsibilities of the universities is to protect the students; some minority students find themselves in danger when victimized by hate speech.