Four Rightly Guided Caliphs Essay
Muhammad's mission, like many other prophets, was to call people to the worship and submission of the one true God. After his death this mission was left to those whom followed his teachings. Those who truly followed in the Prophet's foot steps were proclaimed The Rightly Guided Caliphs. They were Abu Bakr, 'Umar, Uthman and Ali, and were the Four Rightly Guided Caliphs, all of which were amongst the earliest and closest companions of the Prophet Muhammad. Each of these Caliphs contributed greatly to the development of Islam as well as the contradictory emergence of the Sunni and Shi'ite schism. …show more content…
"Once the sword is unsheathed among my followers, it will not be sheathed until the Last Day."
Uthman didn't want to be the first of the Caliphs to spill the blood of Muslims, so instead he tried to reason with them. This hardly did him any good and after a long battle the rebels broke into his home and murdered him. The last words Uthman spoke were that of the Qur'an 2:137, which speaks of God being all hearing and all knowing. He took his last breath on the Friday afternoon of June 656 A.C
Ali, the cousin of the Prophet Muhammad himself was the final Caliph. At first he was very much reluctant to take the position but after he was urged by the other companions of the Prophet he accepted. Ali was responsible for the tradition of scholarship,