Enable Rights and Choices of Individuals with Dementia Whilst Minimising Risks
Key legislations such as Human rights act 1998 Mental capacity act 2005 Adults with incapacity (Scotland) act 2000 Mental health act 2007 The disability discrimination act 1995 Safeguarding vulnerable groups act 2006 Carers (equal opportunities) act 2004
Are all laws put into place to help protect an individual from abuse whilst ensuring they can still for fill their right and maintain a sense of individuality. If the person is in care the organisation will have policy’s and procedures in place to risk asses and ensure the protection of the carers, organisation and the individual from danger, harm and abuse.
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Trying to maintain positive, and speaking to the person in a pleasant and respectful manner can help. Get the persons attention by limiting distractions State your message clearly Ask simple questions Listen Break down activities into a series of steps Distract and redirect if behaviour becomes challenging Respond with affection and reassurance Reminisce Use humour
If a persons behaviour becomes quite challenging it can be for a number of reasons it is important to try and accommodate the behaviour rather than control it, although come behaviour may be a result of an underlying medical reason such as pain or hallucinations so if this is suspected it is a good idea to speak to a doctor as there may be some medication to stop the distress.
All behaviour has a purpose and is triggered, it is common for people with dementia to struggle to get across what they want or need so they may be expressing it through their behaviour. For example, someone who gets all their clothes out of the wardrobe regularly may just want to be keep busy, supplying them with something to keep them busy will stop this. It is important to remember that what works today will not always work tomorrow, due to the nature of the illness it is always changing the key to managing difficult behaviour is to be creative and flexible.
It is important to ensure that an individual with dementia as well as carers and others are able to complain without fear of