Dem 211

1416 words 6 pages
DEM 211 Approaches to Enable Rights and Choices for Individuals with Dementia whilst Minimising Risks

Key legislation: relevant sections from current legislation, eg Human Rights Act 1998, Mental Capacity Act 2005, Mental Capacity and Deprivation of Liberty Safeguards 2005, Adults with Incapacity (Scotland) Act 2000, Mental Health Act 2007, Disability Discrimination Act 1995, Safeguarding Vulnerable Groups Act 2006, Carers (Equal
Opportunities) Act 2004, No Secrets’ – government policy document


Agreed ways of working: use of active support; enabling individuals to maximise their own potential and independence; use of advocates and interpreters to enable expression of views, wishes and feelings; involvement of key people;
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f touch; allowing space when working with an individual; not enforcing participation in activities; routines; not assuming friendship; maintenance of the professional relationship; gaining permission to enter personal space, rooms; allowing individuals to be by themselves; not pressuring an individual to discuss issues; not asking direct questions; respecting physical space, eg bedroom, handbag, personal belongings; respecting social or emotional space, eg personal boundaries, subjective feelings


Benefits of using life history, culture and skills: defining the person; concept of personhood; reinforcement of self identity; reinforcement of the uniqueness of the individual; enhancing peace of mind and autonomy by the use of activities which reflect previous expertise and interests; building on strengths; enabling staff to gain an understanding of an individual



Physical environments: supporting individuals to achieve their potential, eg use of assistive technologies to enable routine tasks, accompanying individuals to support rather than ‘taking over the task’, enhancement of visual access, use of contrasting colours to assist identification of crockery and utensils, effective lighting, control of stimuli, for example noise; safety measures, eg safety switches, locks on outside gates, secure storage of household cleaners, removal of hazards


Social and emotional environments: supporting individuals to achieve their potential, eg expression of feelings,


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