Understand Key Legislation and Agreed Ways of Working That Support the Fulfilment of Rights and Choices of Individuals with Dementia While Minimising Risk of Harm.

1313 words 6 pages
2.1 Explain the key legislation that relates to fulfilment of rights and choices and the minimising of risk of harm and the impact on an individual with dementia. * Human Rights Act of 1998 * Mental Capacity Act of 2005 * Mental Capacity and Deprivation of Liberty Safeguards 2005 * Adults with Incapacity (Scotland) Act 2000 * Mental Health Act 2007 * The Disability Discrimination Act 1995 * Safeguarding Vulnerable Groups Act 2006 * Carers(Equal Opportunities) Act 2004
Together these legislations formed the fundamental rights and freedom of an individual. These affect the rights of everyday life of an individual including what they can say and do, their beliefs, right not to be tortured and right to a
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3.5 Explain why it is important not to assume that an individual with dementia cannot make their own decisions.
It must be assumed that a person can make a decision unless it has been shown that they lack mental capacity. This is to promote person centred care empowerment and active participation. It should never have to fit in with the carer or the manager’s decision. It should suit to the individual. Individuals should be allowed and supported to make their own choices and decisions. This shows respect by preserving the individual’s dignity and individuality.

3.6 Describe how and why the ability of an individual with dementia to make decisions fluctuate.
This is according to the type of dementia or time of the day and environmental distractions. So it is important to maintain effective communication all throughout the care and support. This is to enable understanding and good decision making.

3. Be able to involve carers and others in supporting individuals with dementia. 4.7 Describe how carers and others can be involved in planning support that promotes the rights and choices of an individual with dementia and minimises risk of harm.
Providing active support by involving the individual with carers and others in decision making. Whatever the decision made should be of best interest of the individual which is the centre of care. 4.8 Describe how a conflict of interest can be addressed between the carer and an

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