The study of democratic governance is an effort to make a module on “Theories of Democratic Governance and Research". For this study, one of the most popular topics “Democracy” discussed and analyzed from the point of theoretical aspect, contemporary research, and application aspect.
This Knowledge Area Module (KAM) looks at democratic governance. This breadth component begins by discussing the theoretical characteristic of democracy. For this study, democratic thoughts of Aristotle, Milton Friedman, Robert Dahl, and John Dewey will be used as guides; will find out the different ideas about democracy. In Breadth component, theories of democracy …show more content…
Democracy, according to Friedman, does not represent the people’s rule rather it stands for the majority’s will (Clarke and Foweraker, 2001). Therefore, he doesn’t believe in democracy, rather he advocates in the individual’s freedom to society minimizing oppression and collusion. Majority voting is an agreement to some issues, and constitution works as a catalyst to legitimate it. He further suggests establishing freedom prior to equality which accelerates the highest output. The role of the government is to get involved in externalities with some costs. The government role has to be cost effective.
Compare and Contrast of Aristotle, Dewey, Dahl, and Friedman Theories
Aristotle’s thought on the democratic theory was based on traditional concepts of democracy. He was greatly influenced by his teacher Plato and great thinker Socrates. Aristotle found a solution for the seemingly “defective” form of government called Democracy. He convinced on polity, a combination of oligarchy and democracy.
Pragmatic philosopher Dewey