Bp Oil Spill Analysis

6391 words 26 pages
I. INTRODUCTION

1. Scope of Research

The spectrums of oil spill issues are diverse and large. They range from environmental issue to economic, ecological, ethical, politics and policies. Among many other oil spills, the BP oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico, occurred on April 20, 2010 was recorded as the greatest environmental disaster in our history (BP leak the world's worst accidental oil spill, 2010).

The goal of our research is to seek possible solutions to reduce the risks of offshore oil spills. To attain this goal, we gathered information from over twenty sources, including “Deepwater Horizon oil” from Wikipedia research and an article from the LA Times.

Our research focused mainly on four aspects of the BP oil spill,
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This method could reduce the pressure of the oil flow by pumping heavy drilling mud at 40 to 50 barrels per minute, thus stopping the spill. Top Kill has been used for other similar spills (Guarino, 2010). But Top Kill failed after three days of attempt. In June 2010, the former CEO of BP, Tony Hayward testified before the U.S. Congress. Tony Hayward stated that BP was currently using Q4000, a multi-service vessel that could burn off the oil and gas it collects at the surface of the gulf (Brenner & Guegel, 2010). The Q4000 vessel could prevent the oil from spreading, but it was only useful in short term.

Health Problems

With the spread of the oil spill, health concerns heightened. The Louisiana state health officer Jimmy Guidry stated that: “This is more than a spill. This is ongoing leakage of a chemical, and adding chemicals to stop the chemicals. We're feeling like we're in a research lab" (Mascarelli, Amanda, 2010).

By June 21, 143 oil spill exposure-related cases had been reported to the Louisiana Department of Health and Hospitals (DHH) since the crisis began; 108 of those cases involved workers in the oil spill clean-up efforts, while thirty-five were reported by the general public (None to Claim Their Bones, 2010). Not only have the first responders to the crisis felt physically uncomfortable, but the residents living along the coast began to have the similar symptoms of dizziness or headaches

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