Boudicca's Resistance to Roman Expansion and Rule in Britannia
Evaluate the impact of Boudicca’s resistance to Roman expansion and rule in Britannia.
Melissa Horacek Year Eleven Ancient History
Boudicca, the famous warrior queen, was Iceni, a Celtic tribe located in an area of southern Britain known now as East Anglia. The Iceni territory was geographically isolated, as it was covered in dense forest, and the north and east boundary faced the sea, invasion by foreigners was almost impossible. The Iceni farming economy were of mixed origins, Hallstat culture brought knowledge of iron and pottery and merged skills of the late Bronze Age. Approximately in 43-45AD, Boudicca was married to King of the Iceni, Prasutagus. Some historians believe, Boudicca was not of Iceni
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Albans), as well as successfully defeating the Roman Ninth Legion. The Roman army had left these towns and others largely unprotected, leaving a high death count for both parties. Warfare was brutal, towns were totally destroyed, and the death count is said to be 70,000-80,000, and approximately 2,000 Roman soldiers out of the tens of thousands5. There have been reports from Tacitus that say the Celts had no interest in taking or selling prisoners, only in slaughter, but these reports have to be questioned as there is a likely hood of bias. Tacitus has recorded the information over 50 years later and is a Roman historian, thus bias is a high possibility, as he recounted the event decades after it has occurred and could not remember every detail. His account is bias due to the one sided account in the Annals, due to the fact he was Roman would also be seen in his writing. The Iceni remained unnoticed for a long period of time, due to the overconfidence and negligence of the Romans, this became an advantage for the Iceni as one of their strategies was the act of surprise. The Romans believed the Celts were barbaric and were ill-equipped with dealing with small bands of warriors, who slipped quietly through thick forest. The Celts excelled in small scale guerrilla warfare, leaving the