Ancient China Versus Ancient Greece

1028 words 5 pages
Ancient China Versus Ancient Greece Ancient China and Ancient Greece were two vastly different civilizations with different cultures; they shared a multitude of similar political, economic, and philosophical achievements while also inholding multiple differences. The centralized government of China differed from the independent city-states of Athens. A similarity that both civilizations held in regards to politics would be the role, or lack thereof one, that women played within their respective governments. China’s economy was focused on the internal trade and technological advancements while agriculture, trade, and slavery made the foundation for Greece’s. However, the two shared a link within whom they traded with as well as both …show more content…
Agriculture was a huge part of any civilization as it provided a steady food source for the citizens. Both of the civilizations had a large population of farmers. The Chinese farmers had fertile soil and could hence produce rice and wheat rather easily. In Greece, the farmers were not as lucky because the soil of this area was not as fertile. However, they could produce grapes and olives.
Both China and Greece held the wealthy aristocrats at the top of their social system, then would come the skilled laborers and artisans, and then finally the commoners, peasants, and farmers. Merchants in particular were looked down upon in both cultures for a variety of reasons. Men within these cultures were held in higher regards than women. The philosophies of both Ancient China and Ancient Greece held many similarities and differences to one another. Ancient China had three major philosophies, namely Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism. The major philosophy of Greece was Stoicism. The difference between the Chinese philosophies and Greek philosophy would mainly be that the Greeks contemplated more about the nature of humanity and the ways of the universe as well as stressed political loyalty. The Chinese philosophies were used to guide the citizens throughout their lives and teach them how to develop a stable, orderly society. Although these four philosophies are different within themselves they share a multitude of similarities as well. All of these philosophies were separate


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