Analysis of Marx, Weber, and Durkheim's Views

1203 words 5 pages
The sociological views of the three founding fathers; Karl Marx, Max Weber, and Emile Durkheim all assert that various aspects of our lifestyle are fully a product of the society in which we live. Each theorist views the impact of society and its manifestation of our identity in a different way. All three of these men used the Industrial Revolution and capitalism to shape their theories of social identity, especially the identity created by capitalism's division of labor; the owners of the means of production; the bourgeoisie and the oppressed proletariat. The Industrial Revolution was a major turning point in the recent history of the world. This shaped the "theological" point of view and underpinned this social and economic paradigm …show more content…

Weber sought the solution to this abridgement was to analyze the organizations in society and how they work. Weber thought that by implementing a hierarchy of positions in an organization and every individual should specialize in a trade and therefore the organization would be efficient. Weber also thought that the notion of a beauocracy played an important role of stabilizing efficiency in society, the structural problems would be diminished but opposing this was the realization that a ``perfect`` beaurocracy was only a theoretical goal. Weber believed that capitalism was an ``iron cage``, where freedom existed within constraints also under the macro-structural. Although he referred to capitalism as a iron cage, Weber also stated that would always be a door open for human behaviour to go out and find their own way. Weber noted that for one to understand what an individual has to endure, that individual must first experience ``verstehen`` which that individual creates an empathic understanding of their point of view, this is also noted under micro-structural. The last founding father of sociology that contributed their knowledge to how we use it today, and added perspective was Emile Durkheim. Durkheim was a moralist who strongly believed in right and wrong concluded that the change from agrarian to industrial was that work


  • Marx, Weber, Durkheim, and Simmel: the Individual & Society
    3539 words | 15 pages
  • Sociology and Social Change
    6081 words | 25 pages