myth of sisyphus
Thesis: Camus has borrowed philosophical ideas from other writers which has influenced his interpretation for the existence of an individual mostly described within his works with The Myth of Sisyphus as well as his other well known novels.
Prominent in Europe in the 19th and 20th century
Existentialism is defined by the slogan Existence precedes Essence. This means:
We have no predetermined nature or essence that controls what we are, what we do, or what is valuable for us.
We are radically free to act independently of determination by outside influences.
We create our own human nature …show more content…
This very idea has influenced Camus’s writing and has been evident in his novel “The outsider”
In the novel The Outsider , Meursault is punished for his unmindful murder of an Arab; however, society does not seem to punish him for that. Due to his reticent and emotionless personality, Meursault is rather punished for his supposedly inhumane reaction towards the death of his own mother. Most of the witnesses had not been there during the murder at all. They were all present only during the funeral and could only talk about that particular event. Due to the high emphasis on his mother’s death, Meursault was given a death penalty as the society rejected his individualism.
This tells us the absurdity of their punishment as they were both completely unjust.
They both are happy at the end and accept their fates.
Through the different philosophical ideas present in the above texts, we