The Influence of Teacher Self-Efficacy on Technology Integration
Rosalba Saavedra, Paul LeBlanc, Georgeanna Adams-Molina, & Shelly Faulkner
Abstract As teachers strive to reinforce 21st century skills in today’s classrooms, successful technology integration has become an area of increasing interest in educational research (Beech, VanOverbeke, & Bonnstetter, 2009; Carter, 2008).While external first-order barriers such as availability of computers and access to the Internet are no longer common obstacles as compared to previous decades, internal second-order barriers including teacher anxiety and teacher self-efficacy still present a major area of concern for successful technology integration in the …show more content…
Mechanisms such as achievements, influences, and individual standards were found to be sources of motivation for educators (Bandura, 1986). The self-efficacy theory states self-efficacy can be weakened or strengthened based on human evaluation. For instance, an educator’s self-efficacy can depend on how others perceive their behaviors, persistence, and reactions to unexpected demands. Furthermore, individuals appraise their self-efficacy by evaluating their constraints, which are usually superior to their actual capabilities. Unpredictable requests and those that are deemed to be beyond one’s control can lead to frustration and a negative view of one’s potential.
Elements of transformational leadership theory relate to the role of the campus leader in regard to successful technology implementation. Burns (1978) noted that transformational leadership consisted of a leader having the ability to empower others while motivating them to serve a