Sr. Calista Roy Nursing Theorist

1624 words 7 pages
Nursing Philosophy and Comparison Paper
A Comparison of Personal Philosophy and Sr. Callista Roy’s Adaptation Model
September 14, 2011

Nursing Philosophy and Comparison Paper

A Comparison of Personal Philosophy and Sr. Callista Roy’s Adaptation Model A personal philosophy is what one values for themselves as human beings. It reflects the many faceted realities of their self-concept and is influenced by: culture, spirituality, morals, values, and belief concepts. The relevance of one’s personal philosophy to nursing is significant. One’s philosophy directly affects the interpersonal relationship and care given to patients. For the purpose of this paper, the author will reflect and incorporate her nursing philosophy with the
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Roy developed her model and in 1970 it was implemented as the framework of the Baccalaureate nursing curriculum at Mount St. Mary’s College in California (Roy, 2009). Roy’s Adaptation Model (RAM), conceptualizes human beings as holistic adaptation systems; holistic in functioning as a whole in a meaningful integration of human expression and behavior; adaptive by having the ability to process and integrate information with feeling and meaning to adjust to their environment and cause change; and systems working interdependently as a whole for a common goal (Roy, 2009). Humans use inherent or learned adaptive systems: biological, psychological, and social in origin to maintain homeostasis while adapting to the ever changing environment and its constant stimuli (Roy, 2009). Roy’s model describes three, constantly changing, environmental stimuli or adaptation levels that affect the individual: focal stimulus, is the most confronting, and evokes immediate attention; contextual stimuli: the sum of all the other stimuli and directly affects the focal stimulus; and residual stimuli: the known and

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