Rizal Chapter 22 Summary
Exile in Dapitan, 1892-96
Rizal lived in exile in faraway Dapitan, a remote town in Mindanao which was under the missionary jurisdiction of the Jesuits, from 1892 to 1896. This four – year interregnum in his life was tediously unexciting, but was abundantly fruitful with varied achievements.
Beginning of Exile in Dapitan
Steamer Cebu – brought Rizal to Dapitan carried a letter from Father Pablo Pastells, Superior of the Jesuits Society in the Philippines, to Father Antonio Obach, Jesuits parish priest of Dapitan. The letter informed that Rizal could live at the parish convent but with following condition which he refused.
Captain Carnicero – the commandant where Rizal live. He admired the kind, generous Spanish Captain. …show more content…
Rizal as Teacher
1893 – gave him the opportunity to put into practice his educational ideas and he established a school until the end of exile in July,1896. From 3 pupils and later become 21. Instead of charging tuition fees, he made them work in his garden, fields, and construction project in the community.
Formal classes were conducted between 2:00 p.m. and 4:00 p.m. Rizal taught his boys reading, writing, languages (Spanish & English), geography, history, mathematics (arithmetic & geometry), industrial works, nature study, morals, and gymnastics. He also trained them how to collect specimens of plants and animals, to love work and to “behave like men”.
Hymn to Talisay – his favorite rendezvous with his boys was under the talisay tree, after which the place was named. In honor of Talisay, he wrote a poem entitled “Himno A Talisay” for his pupils to sing.
Contribution to Science
1. A rich collection of concology which consisted of 346 shells representing 203 species.
2. Rare specimen which named in his honor. Draco rizali (a flying dragon), Apogonia rizali (a small beetle) and Rhacaphorus rizali (a rare frog).
He wrote a Tagalog grammar, made a comparative study of the Bisayan and Malayan languages, and studied the Bisayan (Cebuano) and Subanum languages.
April 5, 1896 – he wrote to Blumentritt to let him know that he can speak Bisayan quite.