Resistance to Colonial Rule in Africa
In response, on December 13, 1929 a courthouse is burned, followed closely by the enacting of martial law to try to control the uprising. The women’s status in Igbo culture declined, dramatically infuriating the women into a radical rebellion of burning various structures down. Radical resistance is best shown through the women in Nigeria. The Amakholwa’s upsurge as a black, conservative, and educated class in the Cape Colony helped establish political resistance to colonial rule. The Amakholwa appeared from mission work as rejected children, immigrant strangers or social misfits. They soon converted to Christianity to be protected from the outside world. By 1880, Amakholwa numbers ranged in the 10,000’s. Raised in the mission stations these Africans learned to read, write, and wore Western clothing to be known as “Black Englishmen”. This helped to establish them as black educated elite. In 1876, Amakholwa created the Xhosa Messenger ran by John Tengo Jabavu which encouraged other Africans to adopt Western ways to progress through society. This sect of Africans saw themselves as more knowledgeable than the rest of African tribes.
Most of these educated Africans also owned property which gave them a unique opportunity to be able to vote in Southern African elections. The Amakholwa’s high numbers made them a definitive category of people that were able to influence elections. The conservative nature of resistance to influence was known as Cape