Metabolic syndrome

4083 words 17 pages
Running head: METABOLIC SYNDROME

Metabolic Syndrome
James Doucette
College of Western Idaho

Abstract Metabolic syndrome is an emerging diagnosis in the medical field that has effects on patient care. Becoming familiar with it and having it become a common part of patient care will, if used appropriately will increase the lives of those who have become affected with or are at risk of becoming diagnosed with metabolic syndrome. Metabolic syndrome is a constellation of risks factors of metabolic origin that are accompanied by the increased risk of cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. There are five major factors to look for; out of these five a person only needs three to be diagnosis with metabolic
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The NCEP ATP III guidelines require that a person have at least three of the following listed criteria: waist circumference for men of greater than or equal to forty inches or for women greater than or equal to thirty-five inches, triglycerides greater than or equal to 150mg/dL, an high density lipoprotein- cholesterol (HDL-C) of less than 40mg/dL for men and less than 50mg/dL for women, hypertension greater than or equal to 130/85mm Hg and a fasting glucose greater than or equal to 100mg/dL. The International Diabetes Federation defines metabolic syndrome as having the abdominal obesity plus any two of the other risk factors listed by the NCEP ATP III guidelines (Bansal, S., Blaha, M., Blumenthal, R., DeFilippis, A., Golden, S., & Rouf, R., 2008). These criteria proved to be more useful in the clinical setting and easier for primary physicians to use. Although the criteria for each organization differ slightly, the metabolic processes driving those criteria are essentially the same. Having a genetic predisposition, a particular body fat distribution and a decreased level of physical activity make the likelihood of developing cardiovascular disease or diabetes greater than if these characteristics were not present. In the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III, increased body weight was directly

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