I. Islam as a Religion II. Islamic Fundamentalism 3.1. Defining Fundamentalism and the Backgrounds of Islamic Fundamentalism 3.2. Islamic fundamentalist movements
Islam is the fastest growing religion in the world and is second only to Christianity in number of adherents. Muslims live in all parts of the world, but the majority of Muslims are concentrated in the Middle East and Asia North Africa, Central Asia, Indonesia and Malaysia. Today, more than a billion people around the world are Muslims. It is very well known that certain networks have flourished in many countries throughout the world. Small but …show more content…
Rumors about him were spreading to neighboring countries and from all over Arabia, people began to flock to look at his achievements. In 632, Muhammad died, in fact, being at that time ruler of all Arabia. He had his own army, police and civil service. So he was the first, who united all the Arabian people under the one state, using Islam as ideology. A hundred years later his followers conquered Armenia, Persia, Syria, Palestine, Iraq, Egypt and Spain. They crossed the Pyrenees and invaded France. And if Charles Martel not defeated them in 732, perhaps the entire Western world today would be a Muslim. It was an empire stretching from the Atlantic ocean to Spain to India, the empire. Until now, historians are amazed and can not explain the historical relics brought to life by the advent of Islam. Part of the attractiveness of the new doctrine was its similarity to Eastern Christianity. Islam offers a realistic and practical way to change your life, who can follow simple people.
Islam has two meanings: Peace, and submission to Allah (God). Pious Muslims adhere to the five pillars of Islam: acknowledging that there is no true god except God and that Muhammad is the prophet of God; praying five times a day toward Mecca; giving alms to the poor; fasting during the month of Ramadan (the ninth month of the lunar year); and for those who are financially and physically able, making an annual pilgrimage to Mecca. Islam also requires belief in six articles of