Is social exchange theory compatible with the values of the nursing profession?
Social exchange perspective started in American sociology with the work of Homan (1961) and Blau (1964).There are two divisions of social exchange theories, individualistic or collectivist. Exchange theories that are commonly used by nurses include system theory and social networks.
General systems theory is one type of exchange theory introduced in 1930 by Ludwig von Bertalanffy (1901-1972).In general systems theory, systems are composed of both structural and functional components that interact within a boundary. Systems theory was applied to nursing practice, generally in administration and in management and in research. A system is a unit that is greater than the sum of its parts. Communication and feedback mechanisms between system parts are essential for system function. General Systems Theory implies that an environment exists and it affects and is affected by feedback systems. General Systems Theory includes thinking about open and closed systems. An open system has greater exchange of information, energy and material between it and its