How Britain Changed Between 1750 and 1900

2336 words 10 pages
Britain in 1750 In 1750 there were lots of agricultural jobs, men usually worked on farms (were laborers) doing physical jobs like:
• Looking after the animals
• Being a milkman
• Harvesting crops
• Sowing broadcast
• Dibbling
• Threshing
• Breaking stones

The women did a lot more in the domestic system they would usually stay at home and:
• Cook food
• Wash clothes
• Sew and make clothes
They were very involved textiles and the making of cloth, they would spin the wool at home using hand looms or spinning wheels then the men would weave it into cloth. This was a good way to suplement the men’s income as farmers.

There were also a few craft-based jobs in 1750 such as cobblers or blacksmiths, and a few people
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Other people would travel in a boat by sea (coastal shipping).

Railway and canal mania Railway mania happened in the mid 1830’s-40’s and was when everyone wanted to build new lines and invest in railway companies. Railways and canals were financed by either one person with a lot of money or a group of people who each had a share.
Many people lost money at the times of railway and canal mania due to fraud.

Britain in 1900 Transport had come a long way since 1750 due to the invention of the steam engine and there were now many ways to travel and transport goods.

When canals were first invented the barges were powered by horses that walked alongside of the canal. When the steam engine was invented barges were powered by steam. Barges got uphill by using lock gates, lock gates worked by:
• A barge going in between two gates and them both being shut.
• Water from the higher side of the gates would be let in.
• The barge would become the same height as the higher side of water.
• The gate into the higher side of water would open.
• The barge would go through.

Some famous canal inventors are Francis Egerton who was the 3rd Duke of Bridgewater. He invented the Bridgewater canal (Dukes Cut) which was the 1st British canal built that didn’t follow an existing watercourse. He built it to transport coal from his mines in Worsley to Manchester. It opened on the 17th July 1761. Another well-known canal


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