Week Five Study Guide
University Of Phoenix
HIS/276: Global Civilizations 1400-1700
University of Phoenix Material
Week Five Study Guide
As you read this week’s required materials, complete this study guide. Review the material to study for this week’s final examination. This is a multipage assignment: double-check that you have completed each page before submitting.
I. Fill in the blanks to complete the following sentences that trace the development of Revolutionary France.
* Burdened by debt from the Seven Years’ War and French support for the American Revolution, King Louis XVI needed to raise taxes, so he agreed to convene the Estates General, which met in 1789 at Versailles. Led by the
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Its first action was to declare France a republic and to abolish the monarchy. The Convention was led by a group of Jacobins called the Mountain, allied with the sans-culottes, workers, shopkeepers, and artisans of Paris who sought economic fairness and adequate food. In December, 1792, the former king, Citizen Capet, was tried, and he was executed on January 21, 1793. The following month, France declared war on Great Britain and Spain, and a royalist revolution began in the Vendée of western France. The working government proclaimed a new calendar, established a fully democratic constitution on June 22, 1793, and attempted to eliminate the Christian faith from their new Republic of Virtue. * During the Reign of Terror, great power was centralized in the Committee of Public Safety, and Maximilien Robespierre took control of this committee in 1793 and 1794. The committee was quick to execute or kill those identified as enemies of the Republic. Tens of thousands of French people met this fate, until members of the Convention, worried that they would be identified as enemies of the Republic, had Robespierre executed on July 28, 1794. Subsequently, in the Thermidorean Reaction, the system of the Reign of Terror was eliminated, Jacobins who participated were forced out of public life, and the Constitution of the Year III established a bicameral legislature and an executive body called the Directory.
II. Identify at least one element of the culture of