Emile Durkheim; Division of Labour in Society

2001 words 9 pages
Durkheim argued that social structure depends on the level of division of labour in a society .In other words, in the manner in which tasks are performed. Thus, a task such as providing food can be carried out almost totally by one individual or can be divided among many people .The latter pattern typically occurs in modern societies;cultivation,processing,distribution and retailing of a single food item are performed by literally hundreds of people.

In societies in which there is minimal division of labour, a collective consciousness develops with emphasis on group solidarity, implying that all individuals perform the same tasks. Since everyone is engaged in similar work, each person prepares food, hunts, makes clothing, and builds homes
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In Zambia, Chibuku Company that manufactures opaque beer called Chibuku do not manufacture the packaging materials but they have to impart thm from an independent company from Malawi. This all simply shows that for a society to function interdependently.

Even during the Iron Age period, copper refinery in Zambia had to depend on coal from Maamba Mine in Southern Province which was transported using rail line to copperbelt.Later the use of hydro electric power has overtaken the use of coal indicating a progressive social change where interdependepency is more intensified as the society under goes a progressive change.

The advantages of organic solidarity are that:

1. The society develops the sense and attitude to appreciate the existence of each person as each person contributes differently to the needs of the society.

2. Based on what people need, skills and employment are created

3. Status core is valued and everyone beginning to think that everyone around him or her is more important than he/she is

4. Where there is specialization, there is efficiency, innovative effectiveness and the well being of the society improves.

Disadvantages

1. Durkheim never focused on the needs of an individual who is a member of the society and how the contributions of the

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