Compare and Contrast Marx’s Idea of Class and Durkheim’s Division of Labour?
The essay will begin by providing a brief introduction into the two perspectives of Functionalism and Marxism, focusing on the theories of the French Sociologist Emile Durkheim and the German philosopher Karl Marx. Then it will give a brief discussion showing the transformation that took place from feudalism to capitalism, providing the reader with an insight into the dramatic change that took place during a time of revolution and revolt. Finally the essay will compare and contrast Marx’s idea of class and class conflict with Durkheim’s theory on the Division of labour.
The Functionalist perspective is more commonly linked to the sociologist Emile Durkheim …show more content…
Emile Durkheim argued that in a “primitive” society, it is the collective consciousness of the individuals and the shared values amongst them that creates and helps to maintain social order. Unlike Karl Marx, Durkheim did not believe that the division of labour would create alienation amongst the workers. For Durkheim the division of labour amongst society would create a new interdependence and this new interdependence would enable co-operation and harmony amongst the capitalist workers (www.sociologyguide.com:2010).
Marx’s theory of class is based on two distinct classes; the bourgeoisie and the proletariat. These two classes are differentiated by whether or not they own the means of production. The bourgeoisie (ruling