Australian English

5693 words 23 pages
Albert-Ludwigs Universität Freiburg im Breisgau
Proseminar “Accents of English”
SS 2011
Dozentin: Véronique Lacoste

Australian English
02.09.2011

Simon Braun
Matrikelnummer: 2506223
Studiengang: Lehramt an Gymnasien
1. HF: Englisch, 2.HF: Biologie, Erweiterungshauptfach: Spanisch
E-Mail: Simon-Braun@hotmail.com
Table of Contents

1 | Introduction | 3 | 2 | Historical overview | 3 | 3 | Phonetics & Phonology | 5 | 3.1 | Consonants in AusE | 5 | 3.2 | Vowels in AusE | 6 | 3.3 | Suprasegmental features | 7 | 3.4 | Three Sociolects: Broad, General and Cultivated | 7 | 3.5 | Regional variation | 10 | 3.6 | High Rising Terminals in Declarative Statements (AQI) | 11 | 4 | Analysis | 14 | 5 | Conclusion |
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In 1973, ‘White Australia Policy’ ended and post-colonial Australia opened up to immigrants from all continents. This multicultural policy has manifested in a dialect still gaining in diversity (cf. Macquarie University, 2010a).

3 Phonetics and Phonology
3.1 Consonants in AusE
Figure 1: Consonant inventory of AusE (Cox and Palethorp 2007: 342)
While AusE and RP are very closely related phonologically and hence easy to compare with regard to their phonetic features, the latter show a high amount of divergence (Leitner 2004: 108). The consonant inventory of Australian English is very similar to that of RP. Just like RP, AusE is a non-rhotic dialect. This means that pauses and consonants are not preceded by /r/ sounds, i.e. alveolar approximants. Exceptions of this rule are the linking /r/ and the intrusive /r/. Both occur exclusively in connected speech and serve the function to prevent two core vowels directly following each other (cf. Kortmann 2005: 79). Linking /r/ is a phenomenon of non-rhotic dialects which causes the orthographic <r> in word-final position to become phonetically realized if the following word begins with a vowel. When the linking /r/ sound between two core vowels is not orthographically justified, one speaks of intrusive /r/. car accident is realized as [kaɹæksɪdənt] linking /r/ law and order is realized as [lɔɹəndɔdə] intrusive /r/
Especially young speakers of AusE

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