“the Relationship Between Counsellor and Client Is the Most Influential Factor in Whether Counselling ‘Works’”. Critically Discuss This Statement from the Perspective of at Least Three Approaches to Counselling.
However a frequent criticism is that delivering the core conditions is what all good therapists do anyway before applying their individual therapeutic approaches. Bowers and Clum (1988) reviewed studies which compared therapies with a technique focus, therapies with a relationship focus (placebo therapy), and therapies with both. They found that both contribute to the effectiveness of psychotherapy, and that the therapeutic relationship contributes a unique piece of variance to the effectiveness of therapy. In addition, Bolstad (1992) found that using closed questions or too many questions at all was found to be an inhibitory factor in the relationship, so the use of minimal prompts (such as “umm”, “yes” and even body movements like nodding [as seen in Rogerian person-centred counselling]) should be present in all counselling sessions.
The existential approach views humans as continually changing and transforming, living essentially finite lives. The focus of this approach being on the client’s life and exploring the meaning and