dementia unit 33

5498 words 22 pages
The Range of causes of dementia
There are many diseases that result in dementia. The most common types of dementia are Alzheimer’s disease; vascular dementia; Pick’s disease; dementia with Lewy bodies (Fronto-Temporal); Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (CJD); Huntington’s disease.
Alzheimer's disease is one of the most common causes of dementia. The term 'dementia' describes a set of symptoms, which can include memory loss, changes in mood and problems with communication and reasoning. These symptoms occur when certain diseases and conditions, including Alzheimer’s disease, damage the brain. Alzheimer's disease could be described as a physical disease affecting the brain. During the course of the disease, protein 'plaques' and 'tangles' develop
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the brain does not process images as normal)
The types of memory impairment commonly experienced by individuals with Alzheimer's disease can include:
Memory loss that disrupts daily life
Challenges in planning or solving problems
Difficulty completing familiar tasks at home, at work or at leisure
Confusion with time or place
Trouble understanding visual images and spatial relationships
New problems with words in speaking or writing
Misplacing things and losing the ability to retrace steps
Decreased or poor judgment
Withdrawal from work or social activities
Changes in mood and personality
The types of memory impairment commonly experienced by individuals with Vascular dementia can include:
Confusion
Disorientation
Trouble speaking or understanding speech
Vision loss
The types of memory impairment commonly experienced by individuals with Dementia with Lewy bodies can include:
Changes in thinking and reasoning
Confusion and alertness that varies significantly from one time of day to another or from one day to the next
Parkinson's symptoms, such as a hunched posture, balance problems and rigid muscles
Visual hallucinations
Delusions
Trouble interpreting visual information
Acting out dreams, sometimes violently, a problem known as rapid eye movement (REM) sleep disorder
Malfunctions of the "automatic" (autonomic) nervous system
Memory loss that may be significant but less prominent than in

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