Week 4 Hist 276

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University of Phoenix Material

Week 4 Worksheet

As you read this week’s required materials, complete this worksheet. This is a multipage assignment; double-check that you completed each page before submitting.

Part I: Fill in the Blanks

Fill in the blanks to complete the following sentences.

Ming-Dynasty China

a. The population of China approximately doubled between the start of the Ming dynasty in 1368 and its collapse and replacement by the Manchus in 1415 in North China . This population increase, along with a reduction in government regulation, led to China’s Commercial Revolution, which lasted from 1500 and 1800. Economic advances during this
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The Ahikaga bakufu collapsed in 1467 over a dispute about who would be the next Ashikaga shōgun. . With this change, regional territorial lords lords could no longer count on the bakufu system for defense against their vassals. As a result, most of these regional lords were defeated in the coming years, and hundreds of small Warring States daimyo , each with a group of warriors to support it, took their place. b. As the widespread civil warfare continued, several regional powers emerged once again, with castles often located on plains and surrounded by new towns that supplied their needs. Toyotomi Hideyoshi succeeded in reuniting all of Honshu island, and his successor, Tokugawa Ieyasu , completed the reunification of Japan in 1600, ending the Warring States era.

Civilization of Tokugawa-Era Japan

a. Tokugawa Ieyasu took for himself the title of shōgun in 1603 and established a new bakufu based in Edo , present-day Tokyo. Ieyasu confiscated the territory of his enemies and transferred many daimyo to different domains to reward his samurai retainers , weaken his enemies , and provide a bakufu-domain system with his most loyal followers nearest his stronghold. b. Strict legal codes regulated the upper levels of Tokugawa-era society. A system also helped maintain