Waste Treatment System in Batam Municipality Indonesia
Waste Treatment System In Batam Municipality Indonesia T1273021 - Irwan Saputra
Waste treatment system reported in this paper is in Batam Municipality. It is an island city in Riau Island Province of Indonesia, which is located east of Sumatera Island and near Singapore. It has a territorial area of 108,265 (ha). During the period from 2000 through 2010, the population increased at an annual average of 7.57%. Currently, 1,168,741 citizens live in Batam Municipality. Population density has increased from 600 people/km2 in 2009 to 641 people/km2 in 2010. Waste collecting system is done by three ways. Firstly waste is immediately brought by each resident to temporary dumping site. Secondly the waste is brought to temporary dumping site under
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People education to reduce, reuse and recycle the waste in order to reduce waste generation. The rate of increasing waste generation will be equal with rate of population. 2. People education for waste separation and proper individual waste storage in order to reduce bad odor and breeding vector of contagious disease in neighborhood. 3. Neighborhoods have to supply the site and install healthy temporary dumping site so it can reduce unsightly appearance or causing nuisance and unhygienic conditions. Government can build health temporary dumping sites as pilot project. 4. Increase capacity transfer of waste to FDS in order to reduce complaints from resident by supplying new fleet of vehicles which designed for reducing nuisance on the way to FDS. 5. Increase capacity treatment of waste in FDS by supplying more heavy vehicles for controlled landfill proportionally toward input of waste volume. 6. Upgrade new technology in FDS to collect methane gas produced in controlled landfill in order to get benefit from new waste energy resource.
Table 1. Waste Generation In Batam Municipality
Year 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 oct 2012 Number of Population 713,960 727,878 899,944 922,371 1,056,701 1.137.894
Generated Transported Waste to Unable transported Waste FDS Waste to FDS Ton/year (ton/year) (%) (to/year) (%) 208,476 165,226 79.25% 43,251 20.75% 212,540 195,172 91.83% 17,369