The Many Faces of Dissociative Identity Disorder

1862 words 8 pages
The Many Faces of Dissociative Identity Disorder

Abstract This research paper aims to explore the mental disease known as Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID), previously known as multiple personality disorder. I explore the meaning, symptoms, and effects of DID. My research describes those diagnosed with DID and the probable reasons of why they have the disorder. This study also explains the many different treatments and the effects those treatments might have on a person that has the disorder. I include a research study done on someone diagnosed with DID, the method used to help treat her, and the results of her treatment. Lastly, I state my opinion on DID and the methods I believe with help people prevent, treat, and cope with
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To be diagnosed with DID, you have to meet criteria in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), published by the American Psychiatric Association. The DSM is the standard classification of mental disorders used by mental health professionals in the United States. For a diagnosis of DID the DSM includes the following criteria: You display, or others observe, two or more distinct identities or personalities, you have recurrent gaps in memory for everyday events, skills, important personal information and traumatic events that are too extensive to be explained by ordinary forgetfulness, your symptoms are not a part of broadly accepted cultural or religious practice, your symptoms are not due to alcohol or other drugs, or a medical condition. In children, symptoms are not due to imaginary playmates or other fantasy play, and your symptoms cause you significant stress or problems in your relationships, work or other important areas of your life (DSM, 2014). The goals of treatment for DID are to relieve symptoms, to ensure the safety of the individual, and to "reconnect" the different identities into one well-functioning identity. Another main purpose of treatment to help the person safely express and process painful memories, develop new coping and life skills, restore functioning, and improve relationships. The best treatment approach depends on the individual and the severity of their symptoms. The simplest and most common form of


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