The Little Bison Basin Valley : a Look at Its History

1217 words 5 pages
May 5th, 2000
Hunter College,
Introduction to Archeology
Professor C.M. Tinsley

The Little Bison Basin Valley : A look at its history

This valley, future home of a ski resort and other activities, has a history of its own. It is divided into three major areas: The Poplar Region, The Bud Site, and the Gasville, areas which descend from North to South respectively. It is assumed that climatological conditions are similar to those found in the same area thousands of years ago, with some minor changes in temperature that may have increased due to the Green house effect and global warming.

These three sites were studied separately in the following order :

• Poplar Region o Three regions were
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NO other evidence suggests that only humans were present for short periods of time.

Stemmed points and side-nothed points found along with bones that had humanly produced marks, suggests that indeed humans went to the area to hunt, but the lack of upper limbs during the whole period either may suggest cultural behavior not really understood.

As time passed, more humans moved north and settled in the Poplar site. Excavations of three areas give us information about the cultural behavior and hunting techniques used by those living there in a particular time.


In this area we noticed a diet change from red meat to fish. We notice that in one of the levels the fish vertebrae suggests that a mid summer fishing season took place in the upper level. Without much speculation, it could be assumed that around 2000 years ago there was a constant migration of humans between all three sites, where fishing may have taken place in the northern portion as well as mammals hunting. As time passes, we noticed a continual increase in hunting techniques used by the inhabitants of those lands. No cultural rituals or behavior is noticed based on the evidence besides the mutilation of upper limbs in one of the areas. The Poplar site contained a larger number of mammal species which suggests a better climate compared to the Southern portion where only heavy built animals were