Is Welfare Possible for Marx Under the Capitalist Mode of Production

1379 words 6 pages
In discussing is welfare possible for Marx under the capitalist mode of production there is some debate that the welfare state have been guided through by questions, one is that the salience of the class diminish with the extension of social citizenship? Or can welfare state fundamentally transforms capitalist society? And finally what are the causal forces behind welfare- state development? (Esping-Andersen, 1989). But as you can guess these questions aren’t recent, as they were established in the 19th century by political economists, it doesn’t matter whether they are liberal, conservative or even Marxist. This is because they were preoccupied due to the relationship of capitalism and welfare.

The ‘logic of capitalism’ perspective
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The division of society into classes in turn gives rise to the state.
The state is part of the "superstructure" of society. Marx and Engels analysed the human society which is divided into a material base (or basis), so the superstructure is rests on that. The base is made up of the instruments of production this is seen as machines, tools, raw materials so the social classes which chiefly exploits the labouring classes of a particular society that has relations between classes. The superstructure consists of political and cultural institutions, including the state, churches, schools, etc., as well as corresponding ideational realms of politics, religion, science, art, etc. The nature of the material base is to give society but Marx and Engels called its "mode of production, sometimes conflicting classes balance each other such that the state becomes somewhat independent. Marx’s would describe this factor by using the theory of alienation, which describes the separation of things that naturally belong together; and the placement of antagonism between things that are properly in harmony. Theoretically, describes the social alienation(estrangement) of people from aspects of their human nature but as a consequence of living in a society stratified into social classes.
Alienation is the systemic result of living in a socially stratified society, because being a mechanistic part of a social class alienates a person from his and her humanity. The theoretic basis


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