History Southern Manifesto and Brown V. Board of Education of Topeka
The Southern Manifesto was a document written in the United States Congress opposed to racial integration in public places. The manifesto was signed by 101 politicians (99 Democrats and 2 Republicans) from Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, and Virginia. The document was largely drawn up to counter the landmark Supreme Court 1954 ruling Brown v. Board of Education.
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, 347 U.S. 483 (1954), was a landmark decision of the United States Supreme Court that declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students unconstitutional. The decision overturned the Plessy v. Ferguson decision of 1896
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Separate but equal does not conflict with the 14 amend the supreme court with no legal basis for such action undertook to exercise their naked judicial power and substituted their personal political and social ideas for the established law of the land. This action is contrary to the constitution and is destroying the “amicable relations beetween the white abd negro races that have been created through ninety years of patient effort”. The constitution is the fundamntal law of the land. It is the states right to run their own educational system, so the congress should not delegate the states on how to run. Manifesto it is a clear example of white resistance to desegregation and white supremacy. Mississippi freedoom summer project
Freedom Summer (also known as the Mississippi Summer Project) was a campaign in the United Stateslaunched in June 1964 to attempt to register as many African American voters as possible in Mississippiwhich had historically excluded most blacks from voting. The project also set up dozens of Freedom Schools, Freedom Houses, and community centers in small towns throughout Mississippi to aid the local black population. The project was organized by the Council of Federated Organizations (COFO), a coalition of the Mississippi branches of the four major civil rights organizations (SNCC, CORE,