Frederick Winslow Taylor: Business Management

1653 words 7 pages
Frederick Winslow Taylor: Business Management

Lenoir Community College Frederick Winslow Taylor Business Management David Mercer Tuesday, February 04, 1997

CONTENTS

I. Introduction......................6 II. The Younger Years.................7 III Midvale Steel Company.............n IV Inventions........................n V. Pig-Iron Handling Experiments.....n VI. Shoveling Experiments ............n VII. Conclusion .......................n

APPENDI................................n SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY..................n

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS 1. Illustration 1.................n 2.
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The operating times on these machines were long, distinct and easily measured. After his appointment to gang boss, Taylor began to put pressure on the men to increase production. The ensuing struggle caused Taylor to realize that the basis for the conflict was that management did not understand a proper day's work. Thus Taylor set out to evaluate a "fair day's work." By 1885 Taylor had devise a sysyem of production controls. He had introduced stopwatch time studies, that he conducted to set production standards. Adifferential piece rate system was set up to mandate that men increase production. In order to get the men to increase their production and be happy about it, Taylor devised an incentive wage. This scientific piecework system reconciled the managers desire for increased production and the workers desire for a higher wage. Taylor found that on a task where production should have been 10 per day, when a worker was paid 50 cents per unit that the worker finished only 4 or 5 pieces each day.
Taylor set a new per piece pay rate of 35 cents if the worker made 10 or more pieces. If the worker produced 9 pieces or less, his piece rate was only 25 cents. Anyone who refused to cooperate was terminated. For two or three years,
Frederick Taylor discharged some workers and lowered the wages of others. All through this period, he always had the support of upper management. This differential piece rate system was applied to every task from unloading pig iron
and

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