Formal Report - Synthesis of an Alkyl Halide

1584 words 7 pages
Experiment 6: Synthesis of an Alkyl Halide
Maria Alexandria Buraga Ammuyutan
Institute of Chemistry, University of the Philippines, Diliman, Quezon City 1101 Philippines
Department of Food and Science Nutrition, College of Home Economics, Univeristy of the Philippines, Diliman, Quezon City 1101 Philippines

Alcohols react with hydrogen halides (HCl is used in this experiment) to yield the resultant alkyl halides and water. The insolubility of the alkyl halide in water allows the separation of it from the aqueous layer using a separatory funnel. The alkyl halide, then, were purified
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They offer nucleation sites so that the fluids can boil quickly without turning superheated. Without boiling chips, a liquid which is heated in a horizontal container might become superheated and "bump” all of a sudden, and occasionally discharges vapor. This sudden discharge of gas might result in the solution as well as the reagents to be spilled out of the container all of a sudden.

Boiling chips generally are made from absorbent matter like alumina, calcium carbonate or carbon, and normally come with non-reactive glaze of Teflon, which makes sure that the boiling chips will offer effective nucleation spots.
In this experiment, simple distillation was used. This is where all the hot vapors produced are immediately channeled in a condenser that cools and condenses the vapors. The distillate will not be pure. Its composition will be identical to the composition of the vapors at the given temperature and pressure, and can be computed from Raoult’s law. Simple distillation is usually used only to separate liquids whose boiling points differ greatly or to separate liquids from involatile solids or oils. 2-Methylpropene boils at over 50 degrees lower than tertiary butyl chloride, so that suggests the distillation, collecting product around the boiling point of the chloride, should do the trick.
Toward the conclusion of the