First Aid

1459 words 6 pages
INTRODUCTION
First aid is the immediate assistance or treatment given to someone injured or suddenly taken ill before the arrival of an ambulance, doctor, or other appropriate qualified persons.
It is a skill, based on knowledge, training and experience. First aid training is important as it is relevant at home, work place or industries and any other place.
The term “FIRST AIDER” is usually applied to someone who has completed a theoretical and practical instruction course, and passed a professionally supervised examination.
The standard first aid certificate awarded by St John Ambulance, St Andrews Ambulance Association and the British Red Cross is proof of all round competence. First aid must be administered as soon as possible. In case
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 Listen for sounds of breathing.
 Feel for breath on your cheek.
 Do these checks for up to ten seconds before deciding that breathing is absent.
BREATHE FOR THE CASUALTY
1) Look into the mouth and remove any obvious obstruction including broken or displaced dentures from the mouth. Leave well fitted dentures in place.
2) Open the airway by tilting the head and using two fingers to lift the chin.
3) Close the casualty’s nose by pinching it with your index finger and thumbs. Take a full breathe and place your lips around his mouth, making a good seal.
4) Blow into your casualty’s mouth until you see the chest rise. Take about two seconds for full inflation.
5) Remove your lips and allow the chest to fall fully, which takes about four seconds. Repeat this once and then assess for signs of circulation. If pulse is absent and there are no sign of recovery such as any movement, swallowing, coughing or breathing, begin cardio pulmonary resuscitation.
If breathing returns, place the casualty in the recovery position.

ASSESSING FOR CIRCULATION Check the pulse for up to ten seconds, during which, look for other signs of recovery such as movement, breathing, swallowing and coughing.
If you cannot find the pulse or there are no other signs of circulation, Begin chest compressions immediately.
CARDIOPULMONARY RESUSCITATION (CPR)
If there is no pulse, this means that the heart has stopped beating and you will have to

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