Exegesis: Matthew 6: 9-13

2940 words 12 pages
Prayer
Matthew 6: 9-13

Passage
Matthew 6: 9-13
9Pray then like this:
Our Father who art in heaven,
Hallowed by thy name.
10Thy kingdom come,
Thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven.
11Give us this day our daily bread;
12And forgive us our debts, as we also have forgiven our debtors.
13And lead us into temptation,
But deliver us from evil1

Introduction
Matthew 6:9-13 is commonly referred as the “Lord’s Prayer”. In this paragraph, Jesus presented a pattern of prayer to the disciples, thus suggesting the manner in which God should be addressed and the petition we are entitled to present to Him. What is it about this paper that intrigues so many people to dig into
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Some have argued for Gentile audience, and interpreted Matthew’s Jewish emphasis as teaching Gentile Christians how to appropriate their Jewish heritage and Scriptures. Others have remained content just to label the community “mixed”. Most interpreters recognize Matthew’s audience as Jewish-Christian congregation or congregations either on the verge o or just recovering from a substantial break from Judaism as a whole. Graham Stanton suggests the concept of the church having broken from but still in debate with the synagogue. 10 Studies of “formative Judaism” point out how diverse Jewish thought and practice were before AD 70. After the destruction of the temple, however, only two primary branches emerged: rabbinic Judaism and Christian Judaism. The tension was quite high as each of these groups competed in the same communities to defend the claim that they alone were the true heirs to their religious heritage. 11 A situation like this can explain how Matthew could be so concerned to show Jesus as the fulfillment of all things Jewish and yet stress the rebellion of Israel’s leaders, comparable in Matthew’s mind to the hostility of the synagogue leadership in his day.
Passage Analysis/Implication The paragraph selected is commonly known as the “Lord’s Prayer”. Versions of this prayer appear in both Matthew 6:9-13 and Luke 11:2-4. “Pray then like this” is rendered similarly by

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