Cnps 365 Midterm 1 Notes

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Chapter 4 & 5

Psychoanalytic Therapy

• Sigmund Freud.
• Freuds psychoanalytical system = model of personality development, approach to psychotherapy
• Often a benchmark used for other theories
• Freudian view of human nature = deterministic
• Behaviour determined by irrational forces, unconscious motivations 0biological/instinctual drives, evolve through key psycho sexual stages in first 6 years of life
• Instincts central
• Libido = energy of all life instincts
• Libido, source of motivation that encompasses sexual energy but goes beyond it
• Both sexual and aggressive drives are powerful determinants of why people act as they do
• Psychoanalytical view – three systems for personality: id, ego, superego
• Id = biological,
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• Jung – more focus on finding the meaning in life as opposed to being driven by psychological and biological forces described by Freud.
• Jung – shaped by past and also future
• Present personality shaped by w ho and what we have been and aspire to be
• Persona – mask/public face we wear to protect ourselves
• Animus and anima = both biological and psychological aspects of masculinity and femininity
• Shadow – deepest roots and most powerful and dangerous of all archetypes,
• Jung – dreams are a pathway into unconscious, but they help people prepare themselves for experiences and events in the future, and work to bring a balance between opposites in a person. More of an attempt to express then to repress and disguise.
• Ego psychology developed largely by Erikson
• Psychoanalyitcal therapy, more concerned with long term personality reconstruction than short term problem solving

Chapter 5
• Alfred Adler – Individual Psychology
• Individual begins to form approach to life somewhere in first 6 years of living
• Humans motivated primarily by social relatedness
• Behaviour is purposeful and goal directed, more conscious than not
• Focused on inferiority feelings – wellspring of creativity
• Human behaviour not determined by heredity and environment, capacity to interpret