Assignment 023 Understand Child and Young Person Development

1696 words 7 pages
Assignment 023 Understand Child and Young Person Development
Task B Complete table, research and report

B2
Produce a report to demonstrate your knowledge and understanding of differing theories of development. This report should identify how these theories have influenced current practice and include the following:
Cognitive
Psychoanalytical
Humanist
Social learning
Operant conditioning
Behaviourist
Social pedagogy
(Ref 2.3)

DIFFERING THEORIES OF DEVELOPMENT

There are many different theories of development which we use to understand children’s behaviour, reactions and the way in which they learn.
Cognitive development - One of the theorists behind this theory was Jean Piaget who was a zoologist who
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If the basic needs were not met, they would create a deficiency in the person.
This is taken into account daily with child centred care and holistic approach to child care and well being. Practitioners need to look at the environment factors such as warmth, food, clothes as well as the psychological needs like promoting self esteem and love. Social learning - This theory proposed by Albert Bandura has become perhaps the most influential theory of learning and development. Whilst rooted in many of the basic concepts of traditional learning, Bandura believed that direct reinforecement could not account for all types of learning.
His theory added a social element, arguing that people can learn new information and behaviours by watching other people, known as observational learning (or modelling0, this type of learning can be used to explain a wide variety of behaviours.
This theory can be applied today when a Practitioner demonstrates an activity the child can learn to do it through copying, or if the child has a good role model then they are likely to copy the behaviour. If they see bad behaviour then they will copy the bad behaviour.
Operant conditioning – This theory was developed by Burrhus Frederic Skinner, known as B F Skinner. He believed that the best way to understand behaviour is to look at the causes of an action and its consequences. This approach is known as operant conditioning.
Skinner suggested that most humans and

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