Topic: Uses of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (Drones)
Country: United States
Unmanned Aerial Vehicles, also known as drones, are remote-controlled aircrafts that may be armed with missiles and/or bombs for attack operations. Since September 11th, 2001, known to most as the day terrorist’s attacked the World Trade Center in New York City, the United States has used drones as a defense mechanism in order to eliminate suspected terrorists in Pakistan, Afghanistan, Yemen, Somalia, and other middle eastern countries. Supporters of these UAV’s say that drones have decreased terrorist networks overseas via accurate strikes with minimal civilian fatalities, while non-supporters say that drone strikes produce more …show more content…
Opponents of UAV’s consider that drone strikes aim at individuals who may not be terrorists/enemy fighters. President Obama’s policy of “signature strikes” permits the CIA and the JSOC to target anyone who fits a particular terrorist profile or participates in “terrorist” behavior. In Pakistan in 2009 & 2010, which was the time at the height of the drone program, half of the drone strikes were categorized as “signature strikes” and according to top-secret intelligence reports that were examined by McClatchy Newspapers, drone machinists are not always definite of who they are firing at “despite the administration’s guarantees of the accuracy of the CIA’s targeting intelligence”. The CIA/JSOC aim these drone attacks towards “associated forces” and “suspected extremists”, but they do not expose whether those that were executed are dynamically involved in terrorism against the United States.
Non-supporters of UAV’s deem that drones airstrikes murder large numbers of civilians and traumatize local inhabitants. According to a meta-study of drone attacks, 8 to 17% of people killed in drone strikes are, in fact, civilians. Since September 11, 2001, which was when the U.S.A. began using drones as a weapon against terrorist groups, it is estimated that about 174 – 1,047 civilians have been murdered in Pakistan, Yemen, and Somalia. Researchers from NYU