baroque study guide

1222 words 5 pages
Dates: (1600-1750) 1. What does “musical style” mean?
Different types of musical compositions developed throughout different eras

2. What was going historically during this era? What was life like?
New ideas and art was being introduced everywhere. It was a time of personal expression and drama. There was controversy between Catholics and Protestants which caused long periods of religious war. It was also a time of scientific research and astronomical studies.

3. Was did the term Baroque originally mean?
Odd, irregular,rough, or uneven

4. Why did early baroque composers favor homophony?
It was a new concept in texture, a melody in one voice supported by a harmnoy in the others

5. What texture did
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Moving hands from one keyboard to another, abruptly, causing changes in dynamic level

Composers: Please include the following for each (I need to be able to tell that you read about them and did not just google them or use wikiepedia, etc. and copied and pasted-read your textbook please)
a. Dates
b. Nationality
c. Importance/major contribution
d. Types of compositions
e. Extra little tidbit

39. Claudio Monterverdi
(1567-1643) Was an italian composer who referred to the two styles of compositions as the “first” (Polyphonic texture, music dominates text, Church music) and “second”(Homophonic texture, text dominates music, Secular songs) practices of music. He wrote his madrigals in the new expressive style (second practice) observing specific tonal principles. His opera L'Orfeo was considered the first great opera. He also served as the choirmaster for St. Marks in Venice for thirty years

40. Henry Purcell
(1659-1695) An English composer known for his mastery of composing over a ground. He composed moving arias and operas. He was also an organist and wrote chorale music, keyboard works, and instrumental music.

41. Antonio Vivaldi
(1678-1741) He was an Italian Baroque composer, teacher, and priest. He traveled all over Europe as a guest conductor of opera and orchestral performances. He wrote choral and orchestral compositions along with operas. His most famous composition is his set of four violin concertos, The four


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