What Causes Aggression? Is It an ‘Instinct’ or a ‘Learned Behaviour’?
(a) Compare and contrast the views of any two psychological domains on the causes of aggression.
(b) Evaluate the validity of their claims in the order to reach an informed decision about the causes of aggression.
In order to explore the causes of aggressive behaviour, we have to be clear about what we mean by aggressive behaviour. The psychological definitions of aggression are determined by theoretical perspectives and there is no consensus within or across the sciences about its components. For example some researchers support that aggression is an inborn, instinctive process based on which we intend to harm others. Such approaches adopt a definition that places …show more content…
It is clear though, not every frustration leads to an aggressive response. Therefore the earlier proposition of a deterministic relationship between frustration and aggression was altered into a probabilistic version by Miller in 1941. Moderating variables may also explain why aggression is frequently displaced away from the frustrator onto more easily accessible or less intimidating target. Marcus-Newhall, Pederson, Carlson and