Transculture and Person- Centred Counselling

2894 words 12 pages
Compare and contrast two counselling theories covered on this module. Discuss the strengths and limitations of the two models.

In this essay I am going to explore two multicultural theories which are person centered therapy and Gestalt therapy. I will start by discussing the two perspectives in relations to then illustrate the similarities and differences between them. During this time I will also be identifying the strengths and limitations of both of the models.

The Gestalt approach to therapy emerged during the 1950’s and was developed by Frederick Perls (1893-1970). Gestalt therapy is seen as the component of Existential and Humanistic schools of psychology that describe individuals more optimistically, believing individuals
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In addition, both of the counselling approaches are very experiential, meaning that the counselling process aims to facilitate the experiences of the clients thus the therapist learning and understanding.

Moreover, the nature of maladjustment is viewed similarly in Gestalt therapy and the Person centred approach. Both therapeutic approaches views maladjusted clients as suffering from a lack of trust in themselves. Both theories believe that maladjusted clients live their lives according to other people’s expectations and therefore have the feelings that others want them to have. If one view maladjustment in this way they can recognise that both approaches are based on a developmental rather than a medical model of the person.

Also, both counselling theories focus on the here and now, which encourages the client develop self awareness for themselves.
This is effective in dealing with current situations and problems as opposes to psychodynamic therapy that often focuses on past events.

However, although these two counselling approach some similarities there are also many differences between them. For example, in person- centred therapy the therapist utilises a non-directive approach that allows the client to be the main focus of the therapy session. The therapist takes a back seat during the sessions and remains passive and gives minimal statements. The client is responsible for the