The Factors Involved in Scientific Revolutions
In the mid sixteenth century, the world took on a revolution of a new kind. Following centuries of religious and political unrest, countless wars, and the infamous Black Death, which ravaged through nearly one third of the European population, Nicolaus Copernicus set off the Scientific Revolution in 1543 with his publication of De revolutionibus orbium coelestium. However, this revolution would not be restricted to only the sciences, but it would forever change the global landscape in every aspect of life. Although, named the Scientific Revolution, this metamorphosis of thought was not restricted to chemistry but touched on nearly every intellectually based subject. This widespread change was the product of a series of unique influences.
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Similarly, the well known French theologian John Calvin also preached that the science was a beauty of the work done by god. In 1554, Calvin commented, “for astronomy is not only pleasant, but also very useful: it cannot be denied that this art unfolds the admirable wisdom of God,” (Doc. 2). Copernicus and Calvin were very well respected individuals and their words reflected the thoughts and beliefs of countless others. Another supporter of the religious calling of the Scientific Revolution was the Italian monk, Giovanni Ciampoli, the author of many letters including one to Galileo, the father of modern science. Galileo, also an Italian, was a physicist, astronomer, and mathematician, who contributed to many great intellectual advances and also improved the telescope. The 1615 letter read, “it is indispensable, therefore, to remove the possibility of malignant rumors by repeatedly showing your willingness to defer to the authority of those who have jurisdiction over the human intellect in matters of the interpretation of Scripture” (Doc 3). This text is valuable for more than just its face value, as it suggests the positive and negative of these new astonishing discoveries. The Catholic Church faced a dilemma as some scientific matters began to conflict with teachings of the ancient scriptures, but at the same time others justified and seemed to prove the Bible to be true. In