The Classical/Modernist Approach Was Appropriate to the Time in Which It Was Developed but It Is No Longer Suitable to the Needs of Contemporary Organisations and Change

2426 words 10 pages
The Classical/Modernist approach was appropriate to the time in which it was developed but it is no longer suitable to the needs of contemporary organisations and change
The aim of this paper is to understand if the classical and modernist approach has a place within modern organisations. First, an understanding of both approaches will be carried out, identifying key ideologies and theories these approaches may contain. Then, a discussion on the literature surrounding the suitability of these approaches with modern day organisations. To finish, a conclusion will take place summarising the main points and understanding the possible limitations.
The classical approach
The classical approach was born in a time where the
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From this, it would mean that every part and system in the business would be able to share information and energy with the environment outside of the organisation (Caldwell, 2001). This theory can be used as a strategic tool as it will help the organisation understand all different parts in the organisation and how they relate to each other (Capps and Hazen, 2002; Hatch and Cunliffe, 2006). It overcomes some of the problems previously seen in the classical approach, as where the classical approach focuses on the bottom of the hierarchy, the general system approach makes the business consider each part of the business (Hatch and Cunliffe, 2006).
Contingency theory come into place in the 1960’s when studies started to understand that ‘the one best way’ seen in the classical approach may not work or be beneficial to organisations (Hatch and Cunliffe, 2006). This theory suggests that business may become more effective if they line their structure with certain factors, such as their environment and goals (Teasley and Robinson, 2005). Research also suggests that with a contingency theory business are able to control the performance levels in their business, as the structure that is needed in a contingency business allows organisations to identify certain parts of the chain (Cadez, 2007).
Validity of the classical and modernist approach